Shipwrecks on Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge

Source: Eric Nelson

 

 

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Over 180 known wrecks and groundings on or adjacent to the refuge are listed here, organized by island.  Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge’s M/V Tiglax engineer Eric Nelson researched the list.  It is an incomplete work in progress with an emphasis on wrecks that have left some physical evidence on the refuge.  Spills that did not involve wrecks will be incorporated at a later date.  (MMS) indicates Minerals Management Service was used as the data source.  All other sources are as noted. E-Mail the refuge if you have additional information or sources.  Oct 28, 2007.

 

Adak Is., 1754, Sept. 2nd, Russian ship Sv. Iermiia wrecked at Adak Is. The survivors constructed a smaller vessel from the wreckage and driftwood, naming it Sv.Petr i Pavel and sailed it homeward in 1754. (Lydia T. Black, Dominique Desson, Early Russian Contact, AK Historical Commission, 1986) The Sv. Iermiia had been built on Mednoi Island either out of the wreckage of the vessel Sv. Simeon and Ioann or driftwood. (Lydia T. Black, Proceedings of the Alaskan Marine Archaeology Workshop, 1983) Driven onto onshore rocks when anchor cable parted. Minerals Management Service (MMS)

Adak Is., 1869, April, an abandoned Japanese junk was stranded on Adak. (Charles Wolcott Brooks, Report of Japanese vessels wrecked in the North Pacific Ocean, Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, 1875), (MMS)

Adak Is., 1943, Feb. 22nd, Navy patrol boat YP-72, ex-seiner Cavalcade lost. (MMS)

Adak Is., 2000, April 20th, American F/V Starigavan grounded at Sweeper Cove. Vessel was refloated by Magone Marine Services and taken to Dutch Harbor for further repairs. (ADEC Div. of Spill Prevention and Response)

Adak Is., 2007, Mar 18th, the American F/V Exodus Explorer struck a rock near Sweeper Cove and capsized. All of the crew were rescued. The vessel was refloated, all fuel and nets were removed, and it was towed to a point 14 miles N.W. of Great Sitkin Is., where it was scuttled. (USFWS)

Afognak Is., 1970, Oct. 17th, the 49 ton Osprey sank in Blue Fox Bay. (MMS)

Afognak Is., 1971, Nov. 8th, the 44’ Saratoga went on the rocks near the mouth of Little Tonki Bay after the anchor line parted. (MMS)

Afognak Is., 1979, Aug. 5th, the 98’ Blua Pacific grounded and broke up in Izhut Bay. (MMS)

Afognak Is., 1994, Aug. 4th, the 50’ Dylan’s Dream burned in Izhut Bay. (MMS)

Afognak Is., 2003, Genei Maru #7, the "ghost ship" grounded after drifting at sea, crewless, for five months.

Aiktalalik Is., 1895, April 14th, two-masted schooner Kodiak stranded and broke up on SE point when anchors would not hold. All hands got ashore and found shelter. (MMS)

Aiktalalik Is., 1897, April 25th, schooner Alexandra dragged anchor and stranded on the NW side. (MMS)

Akun Is., 1914, May 14th, 1,582 ton three-masted wooden cannery bark Paramita dragged both anchors in heavy wind and was holed by rocks off Ugamak Island. Water gained on pumps and ignited lime in the holds. Captain Wagner sailed the burning vessel to Lost Harbor, Akun Is., where it was grounded. Captain sailed a small boat to Unalaska to summon Revenue cutters Tahoma and Unalga because his ship had no wireless. Captain Wagner took 15 hours to sail to Unalaska only to discover that both cutters were anchored in a cove only a few miles from the wreck site. The cutters rescued the crew; heavy seas broke the wreck in two and it was abandoned. Some cargo was salvaged. (MMS)

Akun Is., 1919, Aug. 18th, gas screw Warrick lost at Lost Harbor. (MMS)

Akun Is., 1928, May 22-23, the 2,163 ton American bark Star of Falkland wrecked at Akun Head, Unimak Pass. All but one of the crew was saved; ship became a total loss.

Akun Is., 1952, Aug. 1st, oil screw Sundown stranded. (MMS)

Akun Is., 1964, Feb. 10th, oil screw Cape Spencer stranded on the S. shore of Akun Bay. (MMS)

Akun Is., 1988, Dec. 10th, 288’Japanese reefer freighter Aoyagi Maru lost power in a storm and grounded on a reef at Lost Harbor while involved with a frozen fish transfer with Bering Trader; 19 rescued by CG and the tug Lori Ann. 52,000 gallons of bunker C fuel leaked from the wreck, and the remaining 32,000 gallons on board were burned by the CG. (MMS)

Akun Is., 1990, Aug. 17th, 32’ F/V White Night took on water and was towed ashore by F/V Neunik; 3 saved. (MMS)

Akutan Is., 1918, Nov. 12th, three-masted gas screw schooner Halcyon broke anchor chains in SW storm and foundered in Akutan Bay; 12 crewmen escaped in small boats. (MMS)

Akutan Is., 1936, Sept. 14th, whaling steamer Westport struck a reef in a gale at Reef Bight and sank; crew was rescued by USCG cutter Daphne. (MMS)

Akutan Is., 1936, Dec. 13th, gas screw Frederick A. dragged anchors in strong gale and stranded just outside Akutan Bay. Hull was a total loss but engine and equipment salvaged. (MMS)

Akutan Is., 1939, July 23rd, vessel Aberdeen rammed by a whale. (MMS) 

Amak Is., 1961, Oct. 13th, oil screw Husky stranded.

Amaknak Is., 1980, Dec., 80’steel limit seiner Dauntless wrecked at Ulakta Head while on maiden voyage. At the time it was the largest limit seiner yet built. Phone conversation w/owner 12/10/00. 4 JPEGS taken on 8/29/01

Amaknak Is., 1989, Feb. 27th, 307’ Japanese freighter Swallow grounded at Ulakta Head, later refloated.

Amaknak Is., 1999, Feb. 20th, Liberian M/V Hekifu driven ashore at Rocky Point (near the APL dock) by 110 knot gust while at anchor. Vessel was pulled off  by M/V Redeemer and taken to Magone Marine Services for temporary repairs repairs. (ADEC Department of Spill Prevention and Response)

Amaknak Is., 2000, Sept. 11th, 99’, 173 GT American tractor tug Millenium Star  grounded at Ulakta Head due to human error/fatigue. Vessel was refloated by Magone Marine Services and taken to their facility in Dutch Harbor for temporary repairs and fuel removal. It was towed to the lower 48 for permanent repairs. The tug was virtually new, having been placed in service on July 25, 2000. (ADEC Div. of Spill Prevention and Response)

Amatignak Is., 1932, Sept. 27th, American freighter Nevada wrecked, three out of a crew of 37 survived.

Amchitka Is., 1917, July 13th, Japanese steamship Kotohiro Maru wrecked on SE end, the crew survived, but the ship became a total loss.

Amchitka Is., 1942, June 20th, U.S. Navy submarine S-27 (SS-132) grounded off Amchitka Island, crew escaped in rafts.

Amchitka Is., 1943, Jan.12th, U.S. Navy destroyer USS Worden (DD-352) struck a rock at the entrance of Constantine Harbor and sank, 14 of the crew were lost, and the vessel became a total loss. (History of U.S. Naval Operations in WWII, vol.VII)

Amchitka Is., 1943, Oct. 28th, Navy patrol boat YP-88 lost. (MMS)

Amchitka Is., 1946, Jan. 27th, the American motorship Crown Reefer wrecked on the N.W. side with no loss of life, but the ship became a total loss. The point where it lies took the name of the ship.

Amlia Is., 1785, Russian ship Sv. Evpl wrecked at Pankov Harbor, crew and cargo saved. (Lydia T. Black, Proceedings of the Alaskan Marine Archaeology Workshop, 1983)

Amlia Is., 1894, May 11th, American whaling bark James Allen struck a rock at E. end of Amlia Is. and sank, 15 crew saved, 25 lost. (Also reported as 15 lives lost in Marine Disasters of the Alaska Route by C.L. Andrews, 1916)

Amukta Is., 1946, Nov. 3rd, the 3577 ton vessel A.T.T.No.1 stranded on the N.E. shore. (MMS)

Atka Is., 1831, Russian ship Sivutch wrecked E. of Wall Bay, Atka Is., ship lost but crew and cargo saved. (Richard A. Pierce, Proceedings of the Alaskan Marine Archaeology Workshop, 1983). Vessel broken up for wood and iron. (MMS)

Atka Is., 1851, Japanese junk wrecked with three of the crew surviving. (Charles Wolcott Brooks, Report of Japanese vessels wrecked in the North Pacific Ocean, Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, 1875)

Atka Is., 1871, July 10th, Japanese junk Jinko Maru, 180 kokus measurement, wrecked at Atka Is. after having drifted, disabled, for 2500 miles from the coast of Japan. The crew of three survived and were picked up on Sept. 19th by the schooner H.M. Hutchinson and taken to Unalaska. (Charles Wolcott Brooks, report of Japanese vessels wrecked in the North Pacific Ocean, Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, 1875), (MMS)

Atka Is., 1942, Sept. 1st, Japanese submarine RO-61 sunk by depth charges and shelling off Atka Is., five crewmen survived. (History of U.S. Naval Operations in WWII, vol. VII)

Atka Is., 1982, Nov. 12th, the 110' steel U.S. F/V American Beauty wrecked on the north side, and was salvaged in 1989 by Magone Marine. (Dan Magone)

Atka Is., 1988, Oct.,  the 92’ steel U.S. F/V City of Seattle wrecked just north of the western tip.

Attu Is., 1750, Russian ship Petr wrecked on a voyage from Kamchatka to Attu. The crew remained on the island till 1752, when they were taken aboard the Boris e Gleb. (Lydia T. Black, Dominique Desson, Early Russian Contact, AK Historical Commision, 1986)

Attu Is., 1862, Sept., a Japanese junk stranded near Attu Is. after having drifted, disabled, for 90 days. The survivors, three out of a crew of twelve, were taken to Nicolaefsky, Amoor River in 1863, and then returned to Hakodate by a Russian naval vessel. (Charles Wolcott Brooks, Report of Japanese vessels wrecked in the North Pacific Ocean, Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, 1875), (MMS)

Attu Is., 1871, July, an old chief at Attu Island, aged 70 years, reported that three Japanese junks had been lost upon the surrounding islands during his recollection, besides one stranded not far from the harbor of that island in 1862. (Charles Wolcott Brooks, Report of Japanese vessels wrecked in the North Pacific Ocean, Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, 1875), (MMS)

Attu Is., 1943, Jan 5th, the 6101 ton Japanese ship Kotohiro Maru was bombed and sunk off Attu. (History of U.S. Naval Operations in WWII, vol. VII)

Attu Is., 1943, July 19th, US Army cable ship Dellwood sank in Massacre Bay after striking a pinnacle rock. (MMS)

Attu Is., 1981, Mar. 5th, 291’ 1500 ton Korean M/V Dae Rim wrecked ½ mile east of Cape Wrangell on the north side. The vessel had previously suffered a collision with a Soviet vessel, had caught fire, and been abandoned by its crew 90 miles west of Attu. Twenty-four of the crew of twenty-six died after abandoning ship. The Dae Rim, still afloat, was taken under tow by another Soviet vessel, the towline was subsequently lost or cut loose, and Dae Rim drifted ashore. A U.S. Navy EOD team, using the U.S.C.G. cutter Boutwell as a platform for operations, set high explosives on the wreck’s fuel tanks to vent them and burn off about 110,000 gallons of fuel oil. All but two tanks were ruptured and burned by the explosive charges, with the Boutwell firing its guns to vent the remaining two. (U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service memorandum 6/2/81, Anchorage Daily News 3/26/84)

Big Koniuji Is., 1943, Nov. 25th, the liberty ship John P. Gaines broke in two while transiting the area in a storm. The bow section quickly sank with the loss of 10 crewmen. The stern section drifted ashore with the surviving crewmembers aboard, and all of these people were rescued.

Bird Is., 1914, American schooner W.H. Dimond dragged anchor in a storm and stranded, vessel a total loss valued @ $35,000. (C.L. Andrews, Marine Disasters of the Alaska Route, 1916)

Buldir Is., 1914, Sept. 20th, U.S. Revenue Marine cutter Tahoma wrecked on an uncharted reef 31 miles off Buldir Island. The vessel broke up the following day, and all crewmen survived by taking to the lifeboats. The reef took the name of the ship.

Buldir Is., 1956, Oct. 9th, the 123’ American coastal tanker Dulcinea stranded on the S. side, all of the crew were rescued. Salvage attempts were made but ultimately the vessel and its cargo of 285,000 gallons of aviation gasoline became a total loss.

Cape Lisburne, 1865, July 2nd, whaling ship Gratitude stove by ice and sank.(MMS)

Cape Lisburne, 1950,Swept. 7th, Basil lost.(MMS)

Carlisle Is., 1932, Jan. 1st, diesel F/V Sunrise lost. (MMS)

Carlisle Is., 1932 Aug 4th, diesel screw schooner Eunice stranded due to fog and faulty compass. (MMS)

Caton Is., 1924, April 27th, the 14.7 ton vessel Martha broke its anchor during a storm, stranded on a reef E.S.E. of the entrance to Caton Harbor, and broke up. (MMS)

Chamisso Is., 1899, July 2nd, the 40 ton vessel Willard Ainsworth was driven ashore in a S.E. gale. (MMS)

Chernabura Is., 1882, Nov. 13, schooner Diomedes Herman while anchored in Chernabura Harbor was blown from its moorings by an easterly gale and wrecked against a steep bluff. (MMS)

Chirikof Is., 1898, April 25th, former sealing schooner Elsie while carrying prospectors wrecked on the N.E. shore due to wrong reckoning. Survivors lived on the island for 41 days before being rescued by the steam schooner Herman. (MMS)

Chirikof Is., 1921, Apr. 21st, three masted codfishing schooner Joseph Russ struck rocks on the NE shore due to strong currents, tides, and possible compass deviation and was totally demolished; 1 lost, 30 made it to shore. Second mate and 5 crew rowed to Chignik in 11 days and summoned the steamer Dora to the rescue. (MMS)

Chirikof Is., 1923, June 6th, theUSS Cardinal wrecked on the E. side due to a strong N. set and thick weather. While engaged in rescue of the Cardinal's crew the survey ship Discoverer struck a reef about 1.5 miles offshore. (US Coast Pilot)

Chirikof Is., 1927, Nov. 19th, gas screw Universe blown ashore in a gale and wrecked on the E. side. Steamer Star picked up the crew. (MMS)

Chirikof Is., 1963, 120 ton wooden ex-subchaser Rande A driven ashore after parting anchor cable while engaged in loading cattle. (Now It Can Be Told, Stories of Alaskan Pioneer Ranches, Wanda Marie Fields)

Chirikof Is., 2002, the landing craft M/V Flying D grounded while attempting to load cattle as part of an effort to remove feral cattle from the island to restore its wildlife values. The refuge responded. No rats were aboard and it was refloated with some difficulty. (USFWS)

Chowiet Is., 1907, Oct. 6th, American schooner St. Paul wrecked on W. side when anchor chains parted in NW gale. (MMS)

Chowiet Is., 1981, 108' steel crabber Pacific Angel wrecked on the N. side and became a total loss. (USFWS)

Chuginadak, 1989, Oct. 15th, the122’ F/V Polar Command wrecked at the E. end of South Cove, the crew of 26 was rescued, and the vessel became a total loss. (MMS) Vessel was formerly named Baroid Rocket. (USCG Merch. Vessels of the US, 1981)

Forrester Is., 1916, May 17th, gas screw Installer stranded on the E. shore when the propeller fouled in the anchor line. Everything saved except the hull. (MMS)

Great Sitkin Is., 1965 Oct. 26th, the Greek steamship Ekaterini G. broke free from a towboat and grounded after losing its propeller at sea. All of the crew were rescued, but the ship became a total loss. (USFWS)

Herendeen Is., 1984, Aug. 30th, the 48’ Curlew ran aground and sank, one rescued and three lost. (MMS)

Igitkin Is., 1980, American F/V Devil Sea, steel hull, 33 gross tons and 45’ length, wrecked. (USCG Merchant Vessels of the United States, 1981.)

Kagalaska Is., 1901, Feb. 20th, American schooner Iliamna wrecked, crew saved.

Kanaga Is., 1745, Russian ship Eudokia wrecked. (Frederick A. Zeusler, Explorers Journal, 1960)

Kanaga Is., 1938, Feb. 19th, U.S. Navy minesweeper USS Swallow (AM-4) stranded on rocks at the entrance to Kanaga Bay while conducting work with the Aleutian Island Survey Expedition. Crew of 40 officers and men taken to Dutch Harbor by U.S.C.G. cutter John C. Spencer, ship became a total loss.            

            Kiska Is., 1758, Sept. 5th or 6th, Russian ship Sv. Kapiton, length 17 arshin, wrecked off Kiska. Sv Kapiton was built in 1750/51 on Bering Island from the wreckage of Sv.Pekup i Zonat. (Lydia T. Black, Proceedings of the Alaskan Marine Archaeology Workshop, 1983). Ship driven onto reef near island. Crew reached shore but 17 died while on island. The rest made way to Shemya Is. where they were rescued by Sv. Petr i Pavel in 1761. (MMS)

Kiska Is., 1942, June 19th, Japanese oiler Nissan Maru bombed and sunk in Kiska Harbor.

Kiska Is., 1942, July 5th, Japanese destroyer Arare torpedoed and sunk at entrance of Kiska Harbor, by U.S. Navy sub USS Growler (SS-215).

Kiska Is., 1942, July 15th, Japanese subchaser SC-25 sunk in Kiska Harbor by U.S. sub USS Grunion (SS-216).

Kiska Is., 1942, July 15th, Japanese subchaser SC-27 sunk in Kiska Harbor by U.S. sub USS Grunion.

Kiska Is., 1942, July 30th, U.S. Navy submarine USS Grunion went missing in vicinity of Kiska Is., presumed sunk by a Japanese mine. (History of U.S. Naval Operations in WWII, volume VII)

Kiska Is., 1942, Aug. 8th, 8,572 ton Japanese cargo vessel Kano Maru, previously damaged by a torpedo from USS Grunion, sunk at Kiska Harbor by U.S. Navy Catalinas. (History of U.S. Naval Operations in WWII, vol. VII)

Kiska Is., 1942, Sept. 15th, 7,190 ton Japanese troop transport Nozima Maru bombed and sunk at Kiska Harbor. Only the bow section remains, grounded near the beach; the stern section was re-floated in 1956 by the American salvage tug Salvage King,  and taken in tow to Japan by Salvage King and the Canadian salvage tug Sudbury II.

Kiska Is., 1942, Oct. 5th, 5,863 ton Japanese steamship Borneo Maru bombed and sunk at Gertrude Cove, Kiska Is.

Kiska Is., 1942, Oct. 17th, Japanese supply destroyer Oboro bombed and sunk at Kiska Is.

Kiska Is., 1942, Nov. 4th, Japanese submarine RO-65 bombed and sunk at Kiska Is.

Kiska Is., 1943, Jan. 5th, 6577 ton Japanese ship Montreal Maru was bombed and sunk at Kiska. (History of U.S. Naval Operations in WWII, vol. VII)

Kiska Is., 1943, Apr.4th, Japanese steamship Uragio Maru bombed and sunk at Kiska Harbor.

Kiska Is., 1943, May 14th, Japanese submarine I-31 sunk by US forces. (MMS)

Kiska Is., 1943, June 23rd, Japanese submarine I-7 sunk by US forces. (MMS)

Korovin Is., 1883, Sept. 4th, schooner Wild Gazelle stranded on an unknown reef in fog, darkness, and strong currents. (MMS)

Nagai Is., 1905, Nov. 7th, schooner (ex-steamer) Margery wrecked on E. side of Sanborn Harbor, W. coast of island after chains parted in gale. (MMS)

Nagai Is., 1911, three masted codfishing schooner Czarina stranded on the E. side on improperly charted reef and was ground to pieces during heavy gale. Crew of 10 rescued by steamer Dora. (MMS)

Near Islands, 1750, Russian ship Sv. Petr wrecked in Near Islands group, the survivors were rescued by the ship Sv. Boris i Gleb in 1752. (Lydia T. Black, Proceedings of the Alaskan Marine Archaeology Workshop, 1983)

Pinnacle Is., 1916, Aug. 10th, gas screw Great Bear grounded 7 miles off W. side of St Matthew Is. due to lack of knowledge of currents, crew rescued by USCG cutter McCulloch. (MMS)

Popof Is., 1888, Aug. 27th, schooner Vanderbilt stranded at Pirate Cove in severe storm. (MMS)

Popof Is., 1905, Dec. 20th, scow schooner Pirate went ashore on rocky point at Red Bluff, N. end of island in snow squall. (MMS)

Prince William Sound, 1989, the oil tanker Exxon Valdez grounded, spilling 11 million gallons of oil

Rat Is., 1780, unknown Japanese wreck near Rat Island.  Rats escaping the wreck invaded the island and it has been known ever since as Rat Is. Before the rat infestation the island was called Hawadax. (Lydia T Black, Proceedings of the Alaskan Marine Archaeology Workshop, 1983)

Rat Is., 1969, Feb. 1st, the134’ Japanese F/V Fukuyoski Maru # 15 in a sinking condition was intentionally run aground in a shallow sandy cove on the Pacific side, about a mile from the western end of the island. (BSFW memorandum, 3/6/69)

St. George Is., 1899, Sept. 28th, the iron steamer Laurada sprang a leak, ran ashore and was stranded. Crew and passengers rescued by USRC Corwin. (MMS)

St. George Is., 1928, Aug.19th, the American schooner Maweema stranded in dense fog and wrecked, crew of 31 safely reached shore. (MMS)

St. George Is., 1994, Feb.1st, the 97’ American F/V Belair grounded on a seal rookery on S.side.The crew of 6 was lifted by a CG helicopter from the cutter Rush. (MMS)

St George Is., 1996, Feb. 29th’, the154’ F/V All American grounded on the N. side and broke up; 16,000 gallons of fuel lifted off vessel by helicopter. (MMS)

St. Matthew Is., 1989, Nov. 15th, the 485’, 8105 ton Greek ship Milos Reefer wrecked at Glory of Russia Cape. (USFWS)

St. Paul Is., 1791, Russian ship John the Forerunner wrecked on St. Paul Is. (Frederick A. Zeisler, Explorers Journal, 1960)

St. Paul Is., 1858, May 20th, French whaling ship Napoleon III stove by ice. (MMS)

St. Paul Is., 1892, Apr. 12th, whaling brig Alexander stranded on a reef on the NW end due to miscalculation of tides. (MMS)

St. Paul Is., 1910, U.S. Revenue Marine cutter Perry wrecked on Tonki Point Reef while on seal patrol. (Frederick A Zeisler, Explorers Journal, 1960), (MMS)

St. Paul Is., 1979, Nov. 8th, 327’ Japanese trawler/factory ship Ryuyo Maru No. 2 stranded on the NE shore of Village Cove while attempting to transfer a US Fisheries agent ashore, spilling an estimated 40,000 gallons of oil. The vessel was blown up by a US Navy Explosive Ordnance Detachment from Adak, AK on 11/22/79, although it had been broken up considerably by seas almost immediately after it grounded. (Cold Weather Response F/V Ryuyo Maru No. 2 , St Paul, Pribilof Islands, Alaska, Lt. G.A. Reiter, U.S. Coast Guard Pacific Strike Team, NSF)

St Paul Is., 1987, March 20th, 340’ American fish processor All Alaskan grounded at St. Paul Is., crew rescued, ship and cargo became a total loss. Wreck was later cut up and removed.(USFWS)

St. Paul Is., 1987, March 21st, 80' steel F/V Ocean Clipper wrecked on S. side of St. Paul Is. when anchor dragged during storm, crew of six made it to a nearby reef in raft, were taken to St. Paul by USCG cutter Midgett. (USFWS)

St. Paul Is., 1989, Mar. 26th, 157’ steel F/V Terminator wrecked on St. Paul after a steering failure, crew of seven rescued, vessel was a total loss. Magone Diving and Salvage later removed the wreckage.

St. Paul Is., 1990, Mar. 15th, 92’ steel F/V Alaskan Monarch grounded just outside of the harbor after suffering a steering failure in heavy ice, crew rescued, vessel became a total loss. Magone Diving and Salvage later removed the wreckage.

St. Paul Is., 1994, Feb 22nd, 117’ steel F/V Chevak grounded near Reef Pt., St Paul Is., 7 crew rescued by a launch from USCG cutter Hamilton. (MMS)

Sanak Is. group, 1890, April 26th, ship Oneida stranded on Hamings Rock 10 mi. SW of Sanak Is. and immediately broke up with the loss of 77 Chinese passengers, the cargo, and the ship itself. Fifty of the passengers and the 28 crew were saved. In the Dictionary of Alaska Place Names, DOI, Donald J. Orth, 1967, in the listing for Oneida Rock, states: "Name reported by Ferdinand Westdahl, USC&GS, commander of the Coast Survey steamer McArthur, who made surveys in this area in 1901." Hamings Rock may have acquired the popular name Oneida Rock in the aftermath of the wreck, with the name becoming official in the USC&GS survey of 1901. Fifty of the passengers and the crew of 28 survived. (MMS, American Merchant Ships, 1850-1900, Frederick C. Matthews, & US Customs casualty report)

Sanak Is. group, 1890, Aug. 17th, schooner Spencer F. Baird stranded in gale 2.5 mi. E of Sanak Is. in gale while trying to make harbor. (MMS)

Samalga Is., 1919, Aug. 4th, schooner Lettie stranded and lost on Samalga Reef. (MMS)

Sedanka Is. (Biorka Is.), 1794, May 10th, Japanese junk Wakamiya Maru wrecked at Unalaska Island after drifting disabled for six months from Japanese waters. The crew of 15 men survived the ordeal, spent ten months on Unalaska, and then was taken to Okhotsk, Russia. The Russians got four of the sailors back to Japan after 11 years and via circumnavigation of the globe. (The Wreck of the Wakamiya Maru, published in English by Stewart Culin in 1920). There is a  theory that the vessel wrecked in Unalga Pass. (Lydia T. Black, Proceedings of the Alaskan Marine Archaeology Workshop, 1983)

Seguam Is., 1989, Aug. 10th, 32’ F/V Kamakaze wrecked. (MMS)

Semichi Islands, 1914, schooner Trilby drfted onto beach in heavy wind and swell and stranded. (MMS)

Shemya Is., 1762, Russian vessel Sv.Petr i Pavel wrecked at Shemya Is., most of the crew survived. A theory exists that this was the same vessel that was built by the survivors of the Sv. Iermiia wreck on Adak Is. in 1753. (Lydia T. Black, Proceedings of the Alaskan Marine Archaeology Workshop, 1983). Some crew made way to Attu in a baidarka. (MMS)

Shemya Is., 1943, June 11th, Japanese submarine I-24 sunk by US forces. (MMS)

Shemya Is., 1958, Oct.22nd, American fuel barge Barge #18 wrecked at the head of Alcan Harbor while being towed by the tug Wando (MMS).

Shemya Is., 1943, Dec. 23rd, 2649 ton American freighter Scotia parted its moorings and sank, reputedly with hundreds of cases of holiday beer still in its hold. (MMS)

Shemya Is., 1988, Dec. 6th, 139’ steel F/V Opty wrecked near the dock at Alcan Harbor. (USFWS)

Shumagin Is., 1963, June 8th, the 128 ton Sea Rose stranded at Seal Cape. (MMS)

Simeonof Is., 1907, May 25th, gas schooner Rita Newman ran onto rocks on the S.W. side due to dense fog and a chronometer that was out 7 minutes. (MMS)(C.L. Andrews, Marine Disasters of the Alaska Route, 1916)

Sozavarika Is., 1983 or 1984, 82’ steel F/V Jupiter drifted ashore after parting its moorings at King Cove.

Suklik Is., 1792, Russian vessel Orel lost. May have happened at Sutwik Is. (MMS)

Sutwik Is., 1917, Aug. 30th, gas screw Hunter struck a rock at Foggy Cape and sank in 4 minutes, no loss of life. (MMS)

Tigalda Is., 1898, Aug. 7th, American square-rigged ship Guardian stranded on rocks N. of Tigalda Is. in dense fog, crew of 23 rescued with some rowing 23 miles to Unalaska. Total loss, valued @ $12,000. (U.S. Customs records, Seattle, C.L. Andrews, Marine Disasters of the Alaska Route, 1916) Location of wreck has been variously described as Unimak Pass and rocks North of Tigalda Is.

Ugamak Is., 1900, July 26th, two masted Canadian schooner Minnie driven onto a reef in dense fog. The crew escaped to shore in lifeboats and were later rescued by the steamer Alliance and the schooner Walter L. Rich. (MMS)

Ugamak Is., 1929, Feb.12th, 4383 ton American steam freighter Alloway ran aground on the N. side following engine failure. The crew of 35 was rescued but the ship and cargo of lumber were lost, valued @ approx. $200,000. (U.S. Customs Report of Casualty, Port of Unalaska).

Ulak    (Delarofs), 1964, Dec. 1st, 521’ Liberian steamship San Patrick wrecked on Ulak Is. and broke up quickly with loss of its entire crew of 32.

Ulak    (Delarofs), 1987, Mar.8th, the steel 123’ F/V Birgit N. grounded at Patton Cove, crew rescued, vessel became a total loss.

Uliaga Is., 1987, May 6th, 227’ South Korean fish processor Tae Woong # 603 grounded, crew of 49 rescued, vessel became a total loss. Fuel tanks holding about 100,000 gallons of diesel oil were explosively vented and burned on May 14th by a team from Underwater Construction and Aleutian Explosives, supervised by NOAA and Alaska DEC. (Aleutian Eagle, 5/21/87)

Umnak Is., 1764, Russian ship Trinity wrecked on Umnak Is. (Frederick A. Zeusler, Explorers Journal, 1960)

Umnak Is., 1764, Jan. 1st, Russian ship Sv. Ioann burned by Aleuts in Nikolski Bay after they took what they wanted. (MMS)

Umnak Is., 1851, May 17th, the ship New Bedford ran aground near Umnak Is. (MMS)

Umnak Is., 1879, Dec. 5th, the schooner Bella stranded in a storm. (MMS)

Umnak Is., 1902, Sept. 6th, the schooner J.B. Ward parted anchor chains in a gale, stranded and was wrecked at Inanudak Bay. Revenue cutter Manning took crew and passengers to Unalaska. (MMS)

Umnak Is., 1927, May 10th, the 39 gross ton gas screw Everett Hays stranded at Nikolski. Vessel and cargo of tin cans and cannery supplies were total losses. (MMS)

Umnak Is., 1933, Jan 24th, the diesel screw Umnak Native parted its anchor chain in Cemetery Bay during a storm. The engine wouldn’t start and the vessel stranded, leading to the loss of 10 passengers and one crewman. (MMS)(Bill Ermeloff)

Umnak Is., 1982, Oct. 15th, the F/V Equinox grounded at Cape Tenak after the engines died. (MMS)

Umnak Is., 1988, Feb. 21st, the 137’ longliner Alaska Star stranded at Nikolski Bay. (MMS)

Unalaska Is., 1790, Oct. 1st, the Russian vessel Tri Sviatitelia broke up in Kashega Harbor in a strong storm. Much of the cargo was salvaged. (MMS)

Unalaska Is., 1801, Jan 1st, Russian vessel Sv. Arkhistrati Mikhail lost. (MMS)

Unalaska Is., 1802, Jan. 1st, Russian vessel Predpiiatie Sv. Alexandry lost. (MMS)

Unalaska Is., 1894, Aug. 20th, American schooner Two Brothers stranded on SE side of Constantine Bay when sails were carried away by wind, total loss valued at $1,250. (C.L. Andrews, Marine Disasters of the Alaska Route, 1916), (MMS)

Unalaska Is., 1914, May 21st, gas screw Pandora took on water in strong SW gale. Anchor line was cut in an attempt to save vessel but it was blown ashore and wrecked in a cove 6 miles from Biorka Pass. (MMS)

Unalaska Is., 1922, Nov. 17th, gas screw Lister stranded and wrecked at Cape Makushin due to compass malfunction and darkness. (MMS)

Unalaska Is., late 1940’s, the burned out hulk of the American steamship Northwestern sank at it’s mooring at the head of Captains Bay. The decommissioned ship was moored in Dutch Harbor as a floating dormitory and power station during WWII and was bombed by Japanese aircraft.

Unalaska Is., 1898, Mar. 1st, American side-wheel steamer Eliza Anderson stranded in Unalaska Bay, eventually broke up. Valued @ $10,000, U.S. Customs records, Juneau. (C.L. Andrews, Marine Disasters of the Alaska Route, 1916)

Unalaska Is., 1997, Nov. 26th, 367’, 4160 gross ton Japanese freighter Kuroshima stranded at Summers Bay after dragging anchor in a storm. Approx. 39,000 gallons of heavy fuel oil spilled from breached tanks. Vessel refloated byMagone Marine in Sept. 1998.

Unalaska Is., 1989, Jan 11th, 275’ Korean F/V Chil Bo San #6 grounded; 54 crewmembers rescued. (MMS) Wreck was later removed by Magone Marine Services.

Unalaska Is., 2001, Jan. 23rd, American F/V Miss Marie deliberately grounded in Makushin Bay after the vessel began flooding through the sea valve. Vessel was patched and recovered by Magone Marine Services. (ADEC Div. of Spill Prevention and Response)

Unalaska Is., Reese Bay on the north side: the overturned hull of a steel vessel, approx. 100’ long with hard chines is up on the beach.

Unalga Is., 1980, Nov. 26th, 90’steel F/V Mary Jane wrecked. Crew rescued, but the vessel became a total loss. Estimated 5000 gallons of fuel spilled.(MMS)

Unalga Is., 1991, U.S. F/V Pegasus wrecked, salvaged by Magone Marine Services in the same year. (Dan Magone)

Unalga Is., 2004, July 31st, the 5218 ton Bahamian cruise ship Clipper Odyssey grounded on the N.E. corner in Baby Pass, resulting in a small #2 diesel fuel spill. (ADEC)

Unimak Is., 1879, Oct. 30th, American schooner Bella went ashore in a storm, vessel was a total loss. (C.L. Andrews, Marine Disasters of the Alaska Route, 1916)

Unimak Is., 1896, Sept.7th, American schooner Hueneme struck a rock near Scotch Cap, Unimak Is. during SE squalls and immediately started to break up. Crew rescued but ship and cargo lost.

Unimak Is., 1898, wreckage of an unknown steam barge found on beach near Cape Sarichef. (MMS)

Unimak Is., 1900, Aug. 12th, ship Mercury sprang a leak and was beached on the N. side. (MMS)

Unimak Is., 1901, Aug 7th, four masted schooner James Sennett stranded 2 miles above Scotch Cap due to strong tide rips and fog. The captain manned a boat and sailed to Dutch Harbor and then to Seattle for assistance. He went back to attempt salvage of the vessel but found it had broken up. (MMS)

Unimak Is., 1902, December 6th, 27 ton American schooner J.B. Ward wrecked on Unimak Is., total loss valued @ $2,000, U.S Customs records, Juneau. (C.L. Andrews, Marine Disasters of the Alaska Route, 1916)

Unimak Is., 1907, Sept.30th, American schooner Glen stranded at E. Anchor Cove.

Unimak Is., 1908, Jan. 8th, American schooner John F. Miller wrecked at E. Anchor Cove while attempting to salvage Glen, 10 lives lost.

Unimak Is., 1909, Apr. 30th, American square-rigged ship Columbia wrecked at Unimak Bay, Unimak Is. in dead calm with a load of cannery supplies. (MMS)

Unimak Is., 1917, May 14th, the 1,898 ton American sailing ship St. Francis stranded 1 mi. S. of Middle Point after missing a tack. All 281 crew and cannery workers made it to shore and were rescued by the Norwood and steamer Goliah. (MMS)

Unimak Is., 1919, May 13th, 307 ton American three masted schooner Premier stranded at Cape Lutke, 18 miles E. of Scotch Cap due to thick weather and adverse currents and broke up immediately. The crew was rescued by the steamer Kvichak. (MMS)

Unimak Is., 1931, Sept. 22nd, gas screw Gladiator stranded 20 mi. NE of Cape Sarichef when the steering gear broke. (MMS)

Unimak Is., 1942, Mar. 18th, Alaska Steamship liner Mt. McKinley wrecked at Scotch Cap. No loss of life but the ship became a total loss.

Unimak Is., 1943, Nov.21st, Russian steamship Turksib wrecked at Seal Cape, no loss of life, ship became total loss.

Unimak Is., 1943, American salvage ship USS Rescuer (ARS-18) wrecked at Seal Cape while attempting to salvage SS Turksib, one crewmember killed.

Unimak Is., 1955, Aug. 10th, 256 ton oil screw North King stranded between Sennett Point and Scotch Cap. (MMS)

Unimak Is. 1957, Nov. 4th, 180’ Cordova Salvar stranded at Cape Sarichef. (MMS)

Unimak Is., 1965, Nov. 26th, 7252 ton Alaska Steamship Lines SS Oduna wrecked at Cape Pankof., no loss of life, 200,000 lbs. of frozen crab and other cargo salvaged, ship became a total loss.

Unimak Is., 1966, Dec. 15th, American F/V Shelikof grounded at Cape Lazaref, crew rescued, vessel pounded to pieces by seas.

Unimak Is., 1971, Nov. 7th, 80’ F/V Lynda stranded near Cape Mordvinof. (MMS)

Unimak Is., 1985, Dec. 6th, 75’ F/V Pacific Voyager struck a rock at Cape Pankof and broke up. (MMS)

Unimak Is., 1988, Sept., steel landing craft Retriever stranded 1.5 mi. W of Cape Lazaref near Rock Island. Attempts to refloat it were unsuccessful

Unimak Is., 1999, May 8th, American F/V Controller Bay grounded on the N. side at Cave Point due to human error/fatigue. Crew escaped, vessel broke up quickly and became a total loss. (Dan Magone, Magone Marine Services, ADEC Division of Spill Prevention and Response)

Unimak Is., 2000, Feb. 11th, 139’ F/V American Star drifted ashore between Cape Lazaref and Cape Aksit after catching fire and being abandoned by the crew. Vessel was later refloated. In May of 2002 the hull of American Star was stripped of machinery, taken offshore, and scuttled.(Dan Magone)

Unga Is., 1889, June 28th, schooner Edward S. Webster stranded on an uncharted rock off entrance to Coal Harbor. Crew escaped to Sand Point, Popof Is. (MMS)

Unga Is., 1889, Sept. 15th, two-masted schooner Island Belle stranded on the S. shore of Unga Harbor due to missed stays, change of wind, and heavy seas. (MMS)

Unga Is., 1891, April 15th, two-masted schooner Dashing Wave stranded at Coal Bay (Zachary Bay) in snowstorm. (MMS)

Unga Is., 1892, Aug. 31st, schooner Active stranded at Morosco Bay in strong gale and rough seas. (MMS)

Unga Is., 1904, Feb. 23rd, two-masted schooner Mary and Ida blown ashore by violent NW hurricane and wrecked while at anchor off Unga Is. codfish station. (MMS)

Unga Is., 1905, schooner Mary Ann wrecked on W. side of Unga Harbor in hurricane force winds. Barometer was 27.85. (MMS)

Unga Is., 1913, Oct. 17th, gas screw Ellida dismasted in hurricane and stranded after breaking loose from moorings. (MMS)

Unga Is., 1915, Mar. 13th, gas screw Nonpareil blew ashore and sank in heavy blow after chains parted. (MMS)

Wosnesenski Is., 1904, Dec. 27th, schooner Lesnoy wrecked on N.W. end in a N.W. gale. (MMS)

Yunaska Is., 1988, Feb. 17th, the 100’ Captain Billy was grounded and destroyed. (MMS)

Yunaska Is., 1988, May 30th, 86’ Golden Venture capsized and sank, one lost. (MMS)

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